Plato’s main argument for the immortality of the soul is found in his phaedo following contemporary greek religious belief and socrates assumption that everything is involved in an eternal cyclical process, plato naturally understands immortality (and pre-existence) of the soul in terms of reincarnation. Plato is the classical source of philosophical arguments for the immortality of the soul by calling them ‘philosophical’ arguments i am distinguishing them from arguments which are based on empirical research, like research into near-death experiences, and from arguments which rely on premises taken from a particular religious tradition. Socrates - care of the soul if the good is the useful or about the soul's existence prior to its life in the body, and about the soul's immortality because this time which we call life is the only time [existence] our soul will ever have and that is the danger of plato's view, that the materialist will draw that conclusion from it. Plato (as we know from the phaedo) certainly thought that the soul could exist separately here is what aristotle has to say on this topic: here is what aristotle has to say on this topic: the soul neither exists without a body nor is a body of some sort.
1 the health of the soul now, we want to look more systematically at plato’s ethics, having laid the overall foundations but first i want to backtrack in time for a moment and say a few words about socrates’ views on ethics. Plato was a dualist believing the body and soul where two separate parts to a person aristotle however did not plato believed that the soul was the single most important part of a person and believed in the importance of moral concepts, ideas and the afterlife. Cebes has been deeply impressed by what socrates has said concerning the advantages to be gained by a separation of the soul from the body he is in agreement with most of the argument, but he questions the premise on which much of it is based. 262 socrates, plato, and aristotle in the 5th century bce, ancient greek philosophers socrates and plato believed that the mind and body are made of different substances plato argued that the mind and body are fundamentally different because the mind is rational, which means that examining the mind can lead to truth.
It also contains discussions of plato’s doctrine of knowledge as recollection, his account of the soul’s relationship to the body, and his views about causality and scientific explanation most importantly of all, plato sets forth his most distinctive philosophical theory—the theory of forms—for what is arguably the first time. Plato's tripartite theory of soul is a theory of psyche proposed by the ancient greek philosopher plato in his treatise the republic, and also with the chariot allegory in phaedrusin republic, plato asserted that the ψυχή (psyche) is composed of three parts the λογιστικόν (logistykon, logical), the θυμοειδές (thymoeides, spirited) and the ἐπιθυμητικόν. Plato and socrates also accepted the immortality of the soul, while aristotle considered only part of the soul, the noûs, or intellect, to have that quality epicurus believed that both body and soul ended at death. On plato's view, then, an human being is properly said to be just when the three souls perform their proper functions in harmony with each other, working in consonance for the good of the person as a whole. Socrates does seem to take his conclusion to imply, or at least strongly suggest, that it is natural for the soul either “to be altogether indissoluble, or nearly so”, but, in any case, that the soul is less subject to dissolution and destruction than the body, rather than, as the popular view has it, more so.
This allegory of plato try to explain the creation of the human and how it is created it is make reference to others theories of plato as the i used the reference of her to the soul as other. The distinction between the soul and body iiia forms concepts and 1 2 say a view that when i die the ‘life force’ in me becomes absorbed in the life force let me summarize the three views of plato, aristotle, and aquinas plato: the soul and body are separate substances socrates is identical with socrates’ soul socrates is. In phaedo, plato is arguing for a dualist view on mind and body in republic book iv, plato provides a substantive account for the tripartition of human soul wherein the rational part should rule the appetitive part and the spirit.
Once we evaluate these two views of plato and porphyry, we come to know that these views are contrast with the christian view of the resurrection of the body and the soul the opposing both views deny the bodily resurrection. Socrates was one of the most influential philosophers of ancient greece, whose impact can be traced in the development of western philosophy in this regard, his views on the body and the soul are particularly important because he was one of the philosophers, who distinguished clearly the body and the soul. Plato’s view of the body is rather negative, as the body distracts the soul from seeking knowledge of the world of forms plato’s description of the soul plato describes the soul as ‘simple’ and ‘without parts.
Plato – a dualist view dualism – plato was a dualist, meaning he believed in two separate entities when it came to body & soul plato suggested that the soul is immortal while the body is mortal, at the end of life the soul is set free from the body. Plato's tripartite theory of soul is a theory of psyche proposed by the ancient greek philosopher plato in his treatise the republic, and also with the chariot allegory in phaedrus in republic , plato asserted that the ψυχή ( psyche ) is composed of three parts the λογιστικόν ( logistykon , logical), the θυμοειδές. Greek views on the soul by peter holleran the platonic view on the soul is also much more complex than that discussed here this essay is written essentially to make some specific points about the nature of the 'i' and its relationship with the body socrates (469-399 bc) was the teacher of plato, who in turn was the mentor of aristotle.
392 history of philosophy in plato's dialogues is evident the first problem we face is to find some coherent con- cept or set of concepts of psych~ which will give adequate understanding for the relation of the soul to the body, while acknowledging the various concerns involved. Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies the soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life the human body, limited and constantly responding to need. Plato’s view of the body involved in music is one that introduction is essentially directed at the soul, and the attention directed at the body and soul in the reflection. These statements on death will serve as an opening for the rest the plato’s theories on the soul the idea that for true knowledge to be grasped, the soul must be freed from the prison of the body plato argues that the soul, as an immortal expression of being, is capable of existing beyond the mortal world.